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  • Eyes on Trade is a blog by the staff of Public Citizen's Global Trade Watch (GTW) division. GTW aims to promote democracy by challenging corporate globalization, arguing that the current globalization model is neither a random inevitability nor "free trade." Eyes on Trade is a space for interested parties to share information about globalization and trade issues, and in particular for us to share our watchdogging insights with you! GTW director Lori Wallach's initial post explains it all.


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September 09, 2011

At least 18,600 jobs offshored by corporations signing pass-the-FTAs ad

As part of the corporate ad campaign to push congressional passage of the NAFTA-style trade deals with Korea, Colombia, and Panama, the heads of 32 corporations placed an "open letter" in yesterday's National Journal Daily (subscription only). Thing is, many of these very corporations are certified by the U.S. government as having offshored thousands of jobs under past U.S. trade agreements. That's right, the advertisement claiming that these Bush-era FTAs are needed to create U.S. jobs is sponsored by many chronic trade-agreement offshorers of, um, U.S. jobs.

Moreover, while these CEOs claimed that these deals would create U.S. jobs, the government’s own official studies predict an increase in the U.S. trade deficit from the deals. And, an independent economist projected the net loss of hundreds of thousands of jobs from the pacts. The historical record of similar trade agreements is that the United States has slower export growth to countries we have NAFTA-style deals with than with other countries.

In reality, it's likely that these corporations are licking their chops waiting for the offshoring opportunities that will come with another batch of unfair trade deals. Thanks to the Department of Labor's Trade Adjustment Assistance (TAA) data on workers laid off due to imports and offshoring, we can see how these corporations have taken advantage of past unfair trade deals to ship jobs overseas. (And, given it provides a list of corporate offshorers, we can also see why the Republicans in Congress are keen to kill off this program that provides training and extended unemployment benefits to workers whose are certified as casualties of trade pacts, offshoring, and rising imports.)

We have a searchable form of the TAA database on our website. There you can see that some of these 32 corporations have shipped a combined 18,600 American jobs overseas since 2001. Consider that an example rather than a full accounting of the damage, as TAA is a narrow program that excludes many workers who may well have lost their jobs to trade pacts and imports but who do not meet the program's criteria. If a broader range of trade-related job loss is utilized, the Department of Labor reports over 35,000 workers who have lost their jobs at these companies due to trade since 2001.

Just to pick out a few examples, Whirlpool took advantage of NAFTA and shipped over 1,000 jobs at their Fort Smith, Arkansas facility to Mexico in 2008. Caterpillar, a major backer of the proposed trade pact with Colombia, laid off 338 workers at its Mapleton, Illinois facility when it shifted their work to Mexico. And it looks like Texas Instruments was getting a head-start on the offshoring possibilities offered by the Korea trade deal when it shipped 149 jobs at its Attleboro, Massachusetts facility to South Korea, Mexico, and China in 2005. It just so happens that electronics is going to be the hardest-hit sector in terms of the ballooning deficit from the Korea pact, so the remaining Texas Instruments workers in the United States should be wary.

This ad came the day of Obama's big jobs speech, and it turned out that he slipped in one definitely anti-jobs pitch, advocating for the passage of the Korea, Colombia, and Panama pacts. (Although this time, unlike in the State of the Union address, he did not make the dubious "70,000 jobs supported" claim.) If this isn't bad enough, Larry Summers, Obama's former director National Economic Council, last month argued that "We should not oppose offshoring or outsourcing."

After the jump is a list of the incidents of offshoring at the corporations that signed the letter pushing the three trade pacts:

(UPDATED 9/12/11)

Company Laid Off Workers   City State    Year
3M 32   Eagar MN 2002
3M 124   Columbia MO 2002
3M 42   Stillwater MN 2004
3M 16   Fairmont MN 2004
3M 50   Milwaukee WI 2005
3M 46   Columbia MO 2005
3M 40   Columbia MO 2008
3M 11   Solon OH 2008
3M 369   Southbridge MA 2008
Applied Materials 742   Santa Clara CA 2008
Applied Materials 481   Austin TX 2008
Bayer 200   New Martinsville WV 2008
Bayer 36   Berlin CT 2008
Cargill 112   Decatur AL 2004
Caterpillar 41   Leland NC 2002
Caterpillar 130   Clayton NC 2008
Caterpillar 338   Mapleton IL 2008
Caterpillar 29   Dyersburg TN 2009
Citi 9   New York NY 2008
Citi 17   Hagerstown MD 2008
Citi 7   Kingsport TN 2008
Citi 32   Fort Lauderdale FL 2008
Dow Chemical 18   Gales Ferry CT 2008
Ford 1548   Wixom MI 2006
Ford 326   Sterling Heights MI 2008
GE 13   Bridgeville PA 2001
GE 12   Bucyrus OH 2001
GE 20   Euclid OH 2002
GE 247   N. St. Paul MN 2002
GE 19   Tell City IN 2002
GE 170   Mebane NC 2002
GE 140   Jonesboro AR 2002
GE 1   Conover NC 2002
GE 201   Shreveport LA 2002
GE 41   Arden Hills MN 2004
GE 8   Gladewater TX 2004
GE 17   Jonesboro AR 2005
GE 68   Tell City IN 2004
GE 61   Ft. Wayne IN 2005
GE 28   Ft. Wayne IN 2005
GE 50   Hebron OH 2005
GE 49   Willoughby OH 2005
GE 22   Dothan AL 2005
GE 61   Bloomington IL 2005
GE 27   Youngstown OH 2005
GE 74   Conneaut OH 2006
GE 48   Bridgeport CT 2006
GE 20   Ravenna OH 2006
GE 8   Corona CA 2006
GE 12   East Flat Rock NC 2006
GE 12   East Flat Rock NC 2006
GE 12   East Flat Rock NC 2006
GE 12   East Flat Rock NC 2006
GE 102   Cleveland OH 2007
GE 59   Plainville CT 2007
GE 40   Somerset NJ 2007
GE 5   Youngstown OH 2008
GE 80   Ravenna OH 2008
GE 19   Barrington IL 2008
GE 397   Milwaukee WI 2008
GE 23   Easton PA 2008
GE 43   Goldsboro NC 2008
GE 101   Niles OH 2010
GE 18   Euclid OH 2009
Hewlett-Packard 9   Allentown PA 2003
Hewlett-Packard 710   Omaha NE 2003
Hewlett-Packard 176   Chino CA 2004
Hewlett-Packard 176   Corvallis OR 2004
Hewlett-Packard 12   Boise ID 2004
Hewlett-Packard 9   Austin TX 2005
Hewlett-Packard 120   Mahwah NJ 2005
Hewlett-Packard 20   Boise ID 2007
Hewlett-Packard 60   Corvallis OR 2007
Hewlett-Packard 52   Vancouver WA 2007
Hewlett-Packard 56   San Diego CA 2007
Hewlett-Packard 58   Minnetonka MN 2007
Hewlett-Packard 28   Dayton OH 2007
Hewlett-Packard 93   Vancouver WA 2007
Hewlett-Packard 11   San Diego CA 2007
Hewlett-Packard 120   Fremont CA 2008
Hewlett-Packard 50   Boise ID 2008
Hewlett-Packard 65   Charlotte NC 2008
Hewlett-Packard 86   Aguadilla PR 2008
Hewlett-Packard 43   Carmel IN 2008
Hewlett-Packard 1   Kansas City KS 2008
Hewlett-Packard 1   Commerce Township MI 2008
Hewlett-Packard 43   Marlborough MA 2008
Hewlett-Packard 439   Boise ID 2008
Hewlett-Packard 8   Fort Collins CO 2008
Hewlett-Packard 8   Boise ID 2008
Hewlett-Packard 4   Englewood CO 2008
Hewlett-Packard 5   Saint Charles MO 2008
Hewlett-Packard 27   Fort Collins CO 2008
Hewlett-Packard 12   Montvale NJ 2008
Hewlett-Packard 36   Detroit MI 2008
Hewlett-Packard 13   W. Houston TX 2008
Hewlett-Packard 820   Plano TX 2008
Hewlett-Packard 6   Vandalia OH 2008
Hewlett-Packard 89   Boise ID 2008
Hewlett-Packard 37   Vancouver WA 2008
Hewlett-Packard 128   Pontiac MI 2008
Hewlett-Packard 3   Fort Collins CO 2008
Hewlett-Packard 58   Houston TX 2008
Hewlett-Packard 4   King Of Prussia PA 2008
Hewlett-Packard 56   Cupertino CA 2008
Hewlett-Packard 20   Marlborough MA 2008
Hewlett-Packard 95   Fort Worth TX 2009
Hewlett-Packard 46   Palo Alto CA 2009
Hewlett-Packard 38   Omaha NE 2009
IBM 10   San Jose CA 2002
IBM 53   Rock Hill SC 2008
IBM 9   El Segundo CA 2008
IBM 8   Folsom CA 2008
IBM 4   Endicott NY 2008
IBM 40   Tulsa OK 2009
IBM 6   Armonk NY 2008
IBM 3   Chicago IL 2008
IBM 142   Southbury CT 2008
IBM 18   Newark NJ 2008
IBM 29   Lexington KY 2008
IBM 11   Golden Valley MN 2008
IBM 126   Farmers Branch TX 2008
IBM 10   Austin TX 2008
IBM 3   Charleston WV 2008
IBM 20   Armonk NY 2009
IBM 13   Sterling Forest NY 2009
McGraw-Hill 200   Monterey CA 2005
Procter & Gamble 26   Green Bay WI 2002
Procter & Gamble 30   Stamford CT 2007
Stryker 567   Rutherford NJ 2001
Texas Instruments 215   Attleboro MA 2002
Texas Instruments 60   Tucson AZ 2002
Texas Instruments 126   Attleboro MA 2003
Texas Instruments 99   Tucson AZ 2004
Texas Instruments 149   Attleboro MA 2005
Texas Instruments 118   Dallas TX 2006
Texas Instruments 86   Dallas TX 2006
Wal-Mart 734   Lockbourne OH 2008
Whirlpool 760   Fort Smith AR 2005
Whirlpool 47   Cleveland TN 2007
Whirlpool 917   Oxford MS 2007
Whirlpool 1095   Fort Smith AR 2008
Whirlpool 70   St. Jospeh MI 2007
Whirlpool 68   Benton Harbor MI 2007
Whirlpool 1300   Evansville IN 2008
Xerox 131   Webster NY 2002
Xerox 171   Yukon OK 2007
Xerox 24   Lewisville TX 2008




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